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下清宫、香山寺、玄奘故里、应天门、天堂、延秋、天津桥、香山寺、玄奘故里、万安山

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上清宫的姊妹道观---下清宫
下清宫,位于洛阳上清宫之下不远处。相传老子在这里拴上青牛,步登翠云峰炼丹,所以这里又名青牛观。隋唐洛阳八景中邙山晚眺的立足点,也在这里。
公元前520年,在洛阳担任东周守藏室负责人的老子见周室日渐衰落,自己已无图书可管,就到城北邙山翠云峰,静心炼丹养生。后来,老子决定西出函谷关传道。他牵起正在吃草的青牛,那青牛眼见要离开此地,对着西方大吼三声,青牛吼峪典故就由此而来。
隋炀帝时期,这里已经有了简易的老子祠和青牛观。老子祠祭奠老子,青牛观纪念青牛。 后来唐玄宗三次扩建上清宫,每次都连带着维修青牛观。唐朝时期上清宫、下清宫多次更名,一直到宋朝赵匡胤开国至今,两个道观的名字没有再改变过。
宋朝时下清宫仅香火地有400多亩,300多名道士,加上上清宫和玉清宫,翠云峰上共有800多名道士。 现在下清宫占地还有40余亩,由中院、西道院、东道院三部分组成,庙院东西宽50米,南北长90米。
Temple Xia Qing Gong
Xia Qing Gong is not far away from Shang Qing Gong. It was said that, Lao Zi had a black cattle tied here. So, Xia Qing Gong is also Qing Niu (a black bull) Guan. One sight “Mang Shan Wan Tiao” (look far from mountain Mang Shan in the evening) of eight sights in Sui and Tang dynasties is here.
香山寺
香山寺坐落在龙门东山,与西山石窟一衣带水,隔河相望。有钟楼、鼓楼、大雄宝殿,天王殿、罗汉殿、步游道等仿唐建筑群。更有蒋宋楼,乾隆御碑亭,衣钵塔等历史文物。
寺院始建于北魏。公元687年,印度高僧地婆诃罗葬于此。公元690年武则天称帝,重新整修,赐名香山寺。武则天常到这里,在寺院石楼坐朝,留下了香山赋诗夺锦袍佳话。
唐大和六年(公元832年),时任河南尹的白居易捐资重修香山寺,并撰《修香山寺记》,自号香山居士还将自己800首诗篇整理成集,存放在香山寺藏经堂内。
公元17509月,清乾隆皇帝游香山寺,作诗两首,称颂龙门凡十寺,第一数香山
1936年,寺内建蒋宋别墅,蒋介石五十寿辰在这里度过。19683月,解放军代总长杨成武将军被秘密关押于此,将近三年。
经过近年大规模整修,千年寺院焕然一新。苍松翠柏,晨钟暮鼓,法音绵延,香火缭绕,这里散发着古今宗教、政治的神秘和传奇,彰显着中华文化极其深厚的内涵。
Temple Xiang Shan Si
Temple Xiang Shan Si is in east part of Long Men grottoes. There are different kinds of buildings designed according to Tang dynasty style. Then, there are villa of Jiang Jie Shi and Song Mei Ling, tablet pavilion left by Qing dynasty emperor Qian Long, tower Yi Bo Ta and other relics.
The temple was first built in North Wei dynasty. An Indian monk was buried here in 687 A.D. Female emperor Wu Ze Tian rebuilt the temple and named it Xiang Shan Si in 690 A.D. She often came here and left some words.
Tang dynasty poet Bai Ju Yi rebuilt the temple in A.D. 832. He wrote memory book to remember the rebuilding process, called himself Xiang Shan Ju Shi and left his works in the temple.
Qing dynasty emperor Qian Long visited the temple in September, 1750. You can see his calligraphy on a tablet.
Villa of Jiang Jie Shi and Song Mei Ling is also in the temple. It is built in 1936. Jia Jie Shi spent his 50th birthday here.
The thousands’ years’ temple looks brand new by large rebuilding. Old pine and green cypress, morning bell and evening drum, long music and curling smoke, here send out mystery and legend of religion and politics from ancient to now, also display deep content of Chinese culture.
B.C.520, about East Zhou dynasty, Lao Zi was working in government to protect documents and books, as country declining, he decided to leave the government and came to mountain Mang Shan top Cui Yun Feng. A story “Qing Niu Hou Yu” (the black bull cried in the mountain because it didn’t want to leave here) is about Xia Qing Gong.
In Sui dynasty, here were Lao Zi Ci and Qing Niu Guan. Lao Zi Ci was to respect Lao Zi and Qing Niu Guan was to remember the black bull. Tang dynasty emperor Tang Xuan Zong rebuilt the temples Shang Qing Gong and Xia Qing Gong. Their names didn’t change until Song dynasty.
Many Taoists have been living here. In Song dynasty, its area was the largest. Now, about 40 mu lands, divided into three parts, 50 meters from west to east, 90 meters from north to south.
玄奘故里
玄奘故里位于洛阳偃师市缑氏镇境内。这里有玄奘故居西原墓地玄奘寺三大景点
玄奘故居,在缑氏镇东北约1公里的凤凰河谷东岸陈河村。村头竖有原中国佛教协会会长赵朴初所题玄奘故里石碑。故居大门匾额玄奘故里为国学大师季羡林所题。故居前院厅堂内塑玄奘大师和高足弟子像;壁绘玄奘生平业绩;陈列室存放着玄奘主持翻译的佛经和各种不同版本《大唐西域记》,有珍贵的玄奘墨迹等。后院供有玄奘大师汉白玉雕像
西原墓地,位于故居南约800米处,为玄奘父母合葬的墓地。直径约5米,高约3米。
玄奘寺,位于玄奘故里东南约3公里。 初创于北魏时期,原名灵岩寺,幼年的玄奘多次到此聆听佛学。以后改称兴善寺唐僧寺。唐太宗、武则天曾赐地百余顷,并赐金重修。山门匾额玄奘寺为赵朴初所题。该寺长方形院落,有山门、天王殿、玄奘殿、大雄殿和厢房等建筑。玄奘葬于寺院西侧,有墓碑,现辟为玄奘灵苑
Old House of Xuan Zang
Old house of Xuan Zang is in Gou Shi town, Yan Shi county, Luo Yang. There are three parts. They are rooms, tombs and temple.
The rooms are in village Chen He, north east of town Gou Shi. A stone tablet with characters “Old House of Xuan Zang” by Buddhist association head Zhao Pu Chu stands at end of the village. A top board on the gate with the same characters is written by Ji Xian Lin. There are statue Xuan Zang, his works, and translations in the front part. A white marble statue of Xuan Zang is erected in the back part.
The tombs are in south of the house, buried his parents. Its diameter is about 5 meters and height about 3 meters.
The temple is in south east of the house. It was first built in North Wei dynasty. Xuan Zang often came to the temple when he was a kid. The temple was rebuilt in Tang dynasty. The structure of the temple is rectangular. Xuan Zang is buried in the west part of the temple.
隋唐洛阳宫城的正南门---应天门
应天门始建于隋炀帝大业元年(公元605年),重建于唐高宗显庆元年(公元656年)。隋代时叫作则天门、紫微宫门,王世充政权时称顺天门。唐初重建后改称则天门,睿宗李旦时因避讳其母武则天改为应天门,晚唐五代时则叫五凤楼。
应天门是当时朝廷举行重大庆典与外交活动的重要场所,武则天登基、唐玄宗接见日本遣唐使等重要活动都在应天门举行,相当于现在北京故宫的午门。
应天门遗址,是隋唐两京——洛阳和西安考古发掘出的第一座双向三出阙宫门遗址。“三出”指的是从南向北看,阙台并列“三重”向南伸出的意思。依据史料记载和考古发掘成果,证实应天门是一座“凹”字形的大型城门楼:下部台基的范围东西长达120米以上,南北达60米,城门进深25米,楼高120尺(唐尺),按当时每尺0.294米计算,应天门足足有现在的11层楼高。
应天门是隋唐洛阳中轴线的标志性建筑之一,声名显赫。应天门遗址在洛阳市定鼎路和中州路交汇的东南侧,考古挖掘后,建筑起象征性城墙,进行了妥善保护。
South gate of luo yang palace---Ying Tian Men
Ying Tian Men was built in Sui dynasty (AD 605) by emperor yang di, rebuilt in Tang dynasty (AD 656.) It was also called as ze tian men or shun tian men. In wu ze tian time, it was ze tian men, then ying tian men, wu feng lou in late tang dynasty.
Ying Tian Men was where royal government makes ceremony and foreign affairs. Wu ze tian and tang xuan zong were in power here. Ying Tian Men play a role as wu men in bei jing imperial palace.
Ying Tian Men now is a relic, with three towers platforms. The three towers platforms are in three straight lines seen from south to north, like Chinese . Under platform is 120m and 60m, deep in gate is 25m, tower is 11 floors high if in now.
Ying Tian Men is famous in luo yang axis building. It is in south east of ding ding road and zhong zhou road, after being discovered, built with walls to protect.
武则天敬佛的地方--天堂
天堂是隋唐洛阳城宫城内的一座重要宫殿,是武则天的礼佛堂。
《资治通鉴》描述:天堂高五层,第三层已经高于明堂。明堂高度90米左右,以此推算,天堂高度应在150米以上。 天堂内的佛像 “其小指中犹容数十人”,可以想象整尊佛像之大,天堂之阔。 遗憾的是,天堂公元695年焚于火灾。这座当时世界最高的巍峨建筑,存世仅7年时间。
天堂遗址在明堂遗址西北方向约150米处,处于宫城轴线区域西侧。该建筑基础直径11米,青石垒砌,里外两圈。所用青石厚度在1米左右,长1米~2米不等,宽0.7米左右。
现在的“新天堂” 总高度约80米。外观5层保留古建筑造型,内部9层采用现代构造。其中,两层台基的内部是天堂遗址实物展厅,其余展厅为考古发掘、复原研究以及相关历史介绍等。
“新天堂”是洛阳文物保护的示范性工程,也是现代洛阳城的新地标。
Tian Tang--where Wu Ze Tian respected Buddhist
Tian Tang was an important palace, it was where Wu Ze Tian respected Buddhist.
Book Zi Zhi Tong Jian recorded, Tian Tang were five floors, higher than Ming Tang. Ming Tang was about 90 meters high, Tian Tang about 150 meters. In Tian Tang, a Buddhist statue’s finger could contain ten people, it was very large. Tian Tang was burned in A.D 695, only existed 7 years.
Tian Tang is north west 150 meters from Ming Tang, west side of palaces city axis area. Its basic diameter is 11 meters, made of black stones, divided into two circles. Each one black stone is about 1 meter thick, 1-2 meters long and 0.7 meter wide.
Now, recent finished Tian Tang is about 80 meters high. Outside 5 floors are in old type, inside 9 floors in modern type. The basic part is relics exhibition. Other halls show history discovery, research and introduction.
Tian Tang is a model relics protected project, also a new center of modern Luo Yang.
武则天避暑-延秋
延秋村,位于洛阳市高新区辛店镇。村前是波光粼粼源远流长的洛河,村后是绵延起伏的秦岭余脉。
唐代洛阳八小景之一 “龙池金鱼在延秋村龙池沟龙潭寺内。当年这里郁郁葱葱,流水潺潺。相传,一年夏天,武则天住进龙潭寺避暑白天临潭戏鱼,晚上登高赏月,鸟语花香,凉爽惬意。还派专人在寺东山岗上修筑粮仓,打算长住。
夏去秋来,武则天不愿离开这,决定让秋天延迟到来,写圣旨延秋宰相狄仁杰见皇上不思朝政,担心影响国家大事,夜晚派人悄悄烧掉寺旁粮仓,巧妙促使武则天无奈返京。从此,龙池沟前的村庄以延秋取名。
现在,寺院东边山头上还能挖到炭化的麦粒。每年农历三月十八庙会,这里还有上山挖麦粒的习俗,据说可以治疗多种疾病。
延秋东一棵千年古槐,如今还枝繁叶茂。相传当年武则天曾经在这棵树下乘过凉,树下蚂蚁不粘身
据古籍记载,隋唐西苑西墙最南有迎秋门”“二字形体相近,不知何年何月,形成延秋的传说和故事。
Village Yan Qiu
Yan Qiu village is in Xin Dian town, high technology district, Luo Yang. The village is between river Luo He and mountain Qin Ling.
One sight of Tang dynasty “Long Chi Jin Yu” (golden fish in dragon pool) was here, with trees and waters. It is said that, Wu Ze Tian stayed here to be away from hot weather. In the day, she played with fish and in the evening, she enjoyed moon light. Then, she ordered people to build a food store and planed to live longer.
After summer, Wu Ze Tian did not want to leave the village and named here Yang Qiu (make autumn arrive later.) Prime minister Di Ren Jie worried about government affairs and burned the food store without telling Wu Ze Tian. The emperor had to leave of lacking food.
Now, we can still find some burned grains in the east part of the village. It is said that the grains can heal a lot of diseases. Local people will dig them in moon calendar 18th March, however, it is of feudal superstition.
An old tree is still alive in east Yan Qiu. Local people said that, Wu Ze Tian sat under the tree and ants wouldn’t climb her.
It is written in history book that, in Sui dynasty, gate Ying Qiu Men was in west wall of park Xi Yuan. The story of Yan Qiu is from Ying Qiu because of their alike character style.

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隋唐洛阳天津桥
《唐两京城坊考》记载:皇城端门之南,渡天津桥,至定鼎门,......”2000年枯水期,考古工作者在洛阳桥西200米处,发掘出了唐宋时期的洛河石堰与桥墩。石堰绵延数公里。桥墩下垫有枕木,上铺方石,联以铁腰。至此,天津桥具体位置得以确认。
古籍记载:隋炀帝大业元年(公元605年)初造此桥,以架洛水。用大缆维舟,皆以铁锁钩连之。南北夹路,对起四楼,其楼为日月表胜之象。当时桥的两头各建有两座重楼,用来固定铁链。管理人员根据河水涨落,调节铁链高低,负责桥梁安全。
唐开元年间,唐玄宗下旨在隋天津桥遗址上重建天津桥,建的是石柱桥,又称洛阳桥。桥长三百步、宽二十多步,桥上有栏杆、表柱、四角亭;桥两端有集市和酒楼。李白光顾的董家酒楼就在桥头。当时他从长安来到洛阳,洛阳地方官为他接风,李白坐车郊游后经过天津桥,吟诗一首:白玉谁家郎,回车渡天津。看花东陌上, 惊动洛阳人。 他留恋天津桥的景致,心情格外好,于是又吟道黄金白璧买歌笑 ,一醉累月轻王侯,干脆暂不启程,在洛阳饮酒数月,把王侯功名都看轻了。
一个天津桥,引来无数文人骚客的感叹。刘希夷写道:天津桥下阳春水,天津桥上繁华子,马声回合青云外,人影动摇绿波中。李益写道:何堪好风景,独上洛阳桥。孟郊写道:天津桥下冰初结,洛阳陌上人行绝。 榆柳萧疏楼阁闲,月明直见嵩山雪。白居易歌咏天津桥的诗最多,他说津桥东北斗亭西,到此令人诗思迷,又说莫悲金谷园中月, 莫叹天津桥上春。 若学多情寻往事, 人间何处不伤神
天津桥的凌晨,晓月挂在天空,两岸垂柳如烟,桥下波光粼粼,四周风光旖旎,城中不时传来钟声,遂使天津晓月成为洛阳八大景中最静谧的风景。为此,白居易在《晓上天津桥闲望》写道: 上阳宫里晓钟后,天津桥头残月前。 空阔境疑非下界,飘飘身似在寥天。星河隐映初生日,楼阁葱茏半出烟。此处相逢倾一盏,始知地上有神仙。
历史上洛水河宽水急,天津桥屡毁屡建。宋太祖赵匡胤立国第二年,下令重修天津桥,以巨石为桥墩,高数丈,企盼永固此桥。金代洛阳桥毁于大火,断桥残础,渐渐湮没在河床之下。
天津桥不仅是隋唐洛阳天街上的标志性建筑,承载着唐宋文化的迷人风采。天津桥遗址也是隋唐大运河重要节点之一,有着相当高的文物价值。
Sui tang dynasties tian jin bridge
Tang dynasty book record tian jin bridge. In A.D. 2000, luo he river fell, archeologist found stone pier and weir of the bridge. Stone pier is kilo meters long. Under pier is sleeper, covered by bricks, connected by iron chains. Tian jin bridge is decided now.
Old book record the bridge in Sui dynasty. Two ends of it were built with towers at that time, to fix the iron chains. Some people were responsible for its safe, adjust the chains height to luo he river rise and fall.
Tang dynasty, emperor xuan zong ordered to rebuild the bridge, stone pillars bridge, also luoyang bridge. It was hundreds feet long and wide, some pavilions on it, two ends were markets and restaurants. Poet Li Bai liked drinking in one of the restaurants. Local officials welcomed li bai back to Luoyang, entertained him on tian jin bridge, he was very glad, then singed small poems to remember that time.
Many men of letters sing poems on the bridge, most famous is tang dynasty poet Bai juyi. He gave high praise to tian jin bridge, especially its moon night and spring.
Luo he river was very fast, tian jin bridge had been damaged. Song dynasty emperor Zhao kuang yin ordered to rebuild it and make it always exist. It was fired in jin dynasty, relics were in the river.
Tian jin bridge is not only a sign building in Tian jie street, of Tang Song culture. But also an important part in Sui Tang Da yun he river, of great culture reli
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香山寺
香山寺坐落在龙门东山,与西山石窟一衣带水,隔河相望。有钟楼、鼓楼、大雄宝殿,天王殿、罗汉殿、步游道等仿唐建筑群。更有蒋宋楼,乾隆御碑亭,衣钵塔等历史文物。
寺院始建于北魏。公元687年,印度高僧地婆诃罗葬于此。公元690年武则天称帝,重新整修,赐名香山寺。武则天常到这里,在寺院石楼坐朝,留下了香山赋诗夺锦袍佳话。
唐大和六年(公元832年),时任河南尹的白居易捐资重修香山寺,并撰《修香山寺记》,自号香山居士还将自己800首诗篇整理成集,存放在香山寺藏经堂内。
公元17509月,清乾隆皇帝游香山寺,作诗两首,称颂龙门凡十寺,第一数香山
1936年,寺内建蒋宋别墅,蒋介石五十寿辰在这里度过。19683月,解放军代总长杨成武将军被秘密关押于此,将近三年。
经过近年大规模整修,千年寺院焕然一新。苍松翠柏,晨钟暮鼓,法音绵延,香火缭绕,这里散发着古今宗教、政治的神秘和传奇,彰显着中华文化极其深厚的内涵。
Temple Xiang Shan Si
Temple Xiang Shan Si is in east part of Long Men grottoes. There are different kinds of buildings designed according to Tang dynasty style. Then, there are villa of Jiang Jie Shi and Song Mei Ling, tablet pavilion left by Qing dynasty emperor Qian Long, tower Yi Bo Ta and other relics.
The temple was first built in North Wei dynasty. An Indian monk was buried here in 687 A.D. Female emperor Wu Ze Tian rebuilt the temple and named it Xiang Shan Si in 690 A.D. She often came here and left some words.
Tang dynasty poet Bai Ju Yi rebuilt the temple in A.D. 832. He wrote memory book to remember the rebuilding process, called himself Xiang Shan Ju Shi and left his works in the temple.
Qing dynasty emperor Qian Long visited the temple in September, 1750. You can see his calligraphy on a tablet.
Villa of Jiang Jie Shi and Song Mei Ling is also in the temple. It is built in 1936. Jia Jie Shi spent his 50th birthday here.
The thousands’ years’ temple looks brand new by large rebuilding. Old pine and green cypress, morning bell and evening drum, long music and curling smoke, here send out mystery and legend of religion and politics from ancient to now, also display deep content of Chinese culture.
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玄奘故里
玄奘故里位于洛阳偃师市缑氏镇境内。这里有玄奘故居西原墓地玄奘寺三大景点
玄奘故居,在缑氏镇东北约1公里的凤凰河谷东岸陈河村。村头竖有原中国佛教协会会长赵朴初所题玄奘故里石碑。故居大门匾额玄奘故里为国学大师季羡林所题。故居前院厅堂内塑玄奘大师和高足弟子像;壁绘玄奘生平业绩;陈列室存放着玄奘主持翻译的佛经和各种不同版本《大唐西域记》,有珍贵的玄奘墨迹等。后院供有玄奘大师汉白玉雕像
西原墓地,位于故居南约800米处,为玄奘父母合葬的墓地。直径约5米,高约3米。
玄奘寺,位于玄奘故里东南约3公里。 初创于北魏时期,原名灵岩寺,幼年的玄奘多次到此聆听佛学。以后改称兴善寺唐僧寺。唐太宗、武则天曾赐地百余顷,并赐金重修。山门匾额玄奘寺为赵朴初所题。该寺长方形院落,有山门、天王殿、玄奘殿、大雄殿和厢房等建筑。玄奘葬于寺院西侧,有墓碑,现辟为玄奘灵苑
Old House of Xuan Zang
Old house of Xuan Zang is in Gou Shi town, Yan Shi county, Luo Yang. There are three parts. They are rooms, tombs and temple.
The rooms are in village Chen He, north east of town Gou Shi. A stone tablet with characters “Old House of Xuan Zang” by Buddhist association head Zhao Pu Chu stands at end of the village. A top board on the gate with the same characters is written by Ji Xian Lin. There are statue Xuan Zang, his works, and translations in the front part. A white marble statue of Xuan Zang is erected in the back part.
The tombs are in south of the house, buried his parents. Its diameter is about 5 meters and height about 3 meters.
The temple is in south east of the house. It was first built in North Wei dynasty. Xuan Zang often came to the temple when he was a kid. The temple was rebuilt in Tang dynasty. The structure of the temple is rectangular. Xuan Zang is buried in the west part of the temple.

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万安山
万安山主峰海拔937.3又名玉泉山、石林山。“石林雪霁曾是洛阳八小景之一。在洛阳东南,偃师与伊川交界处。沟壑深险,巍峨壮观,与嵩山遥遥相对
万安山顶和武当山顶都修了祖师庙,相对武当山金顶,被称为北金顶。现在的祖师庙雄踞万安山峰巅,全用岩石砌墙,香火旺盛。
1800年前,魏文帝曹丕与其子曹叡曾狩猎于此,有射杀母鹿的父子对话。陛下已杀其母,臣不忍复杀其子
女皇武则天曾到万安山玉泉寺,在山上建万安宫。
姚崇是唐朝最有建树的宰相之一,死后葬在万安山上。他身后宋璟、裴度、贾岛、张说、李德裕、张庭珪、李多祚等宰相也安葬在万安山。范园范仲淹家族墓地,也在万安山上。
司马光在独乐园中筑见山台,登高仰望万安山,遐想古今。他还携朋友上山游览,留下石刻遗迹。
神奇的万安山,撑起洛文化的一翼厚重。
Mountain Wan An Shan
Mountain Wan An Shan is about 937.3 meters high, also Yu Quan Shan or Shi Lin Shan. “Shi Lin Xue Ji” (sunny mountain after snow) was one of Luo Yang eight small sights. The mountain is in south east, between counties Yan Shi and Yi Chuan. It is deep and great, facing mountain Song Shan.
Top of Wan An Shan is “North Jin Ding” compared with mountain Wu Dang Shan in Hu Bei province. The top is built with temple Zu Shi Miao, whose wall is all of rocks, incense burned every day.
1800 years before, Wei dynasty emperor Cao Pi and his son Cao Rui hunted here and talked about killing a deer. Cao rui said he didn’t want to kill the deer because his father had killed its mother.
Female emperor Wu Ze Tian visited temple Yu Quan Si of Wan An Shan and built palace Wa An Si on the mountain.
Yao Chong was very important prime minister in Tang dynasty, buried on the mountain. Song Jing, Pei Du, Jia Dao, Zhang Shuo, Li de yu, Zhang ting gui, Li duo zuo and some other famous prime ministers were also buried here. Grave garden “Fan Yuan” of Fang zhong yan and his family was also on the mountain.
Sima guang built platform “Jian Shan Tai” in garden “Du Le Yuan”, climbed and looked up to the mountain, thinking past and now. He visited the mountain with his friends, left some words on its stone.
Magic mountain Wan An Shan, supports a long history of culture He Luo.
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发表于 2020-10-3 09:32 | 显示全部楼层
很好的中英文对照。
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发表于 2020-10-8 18:35 | 显示全部楼层
      洛阳应该把上清宫修一下!不求豪华大气,只求围起围墙,把主要大殿恢复一下,让各地游客到洛阳后有个拜祭道教的场所而已。洛阳自称“儒道佛”之源,那就应该名至实归。白马寺是佛教之源,孔子入周问礼碑据传说是道教创始人和儒家创始人的对话,但已经很难复原场景,所以上清宫是道教之源,只有河南府文庙是一座祭拜儒家思想的地方。洛阳要建设国家化历史文化名城,必须重视建设辖区重要的历史文化遗迹,这样才能配得上文化名城的招牌。
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